Pain fibers: Axons of pain sensitive nerve
generator: Abnormal tissue or joint responsible for
the pain that affects a larger area.
nerves: Part of the automic nervous system.
interarticularis: The part of a vertebra between
the lamina and the superior facet, this may be abnormal in
the condition called spondyloysis.
(patient controlled analgesia): Method of pain treatment
after surgery that allows the patient to self-administer pain
medication under a controlled regimen.
Portion of the vertebra that connects the lamina (posterior
part of the vertebra) to the body anteriorly and helps forms
the walls of the spinal canal.
screws: Fixation screws that are placed through the
pedicle of the vertebra.
Procedure done through a puncture in the skin, typically by
a needle or through a very narrow cannula.
The skin and tissues between the legs.
The lining of the bone. it has sensation and it helps control
the shape and growth of bone.
nerves: The nerves after the departure from the spinal
canal, proceeding out to their end point in the skin and muscles.
The parts of the body furthest away from the spinal cord and
The internal lining of the abdominal cavity.
nerve: A nerve that commences just above the knee,
passes along the lateral aspect of the lower leg and helps
activate muscles that lift the foot.
coils: Equipment used in MRI scanning to improve
the signal to noise or image quality of the MRI scan.
An exercise based treatment for the spine and for overall
nerve: Entrapment or mechanical pressure affectin
muscle: A muscle that runs from the sacrum to the
top of the femur, that can cause buttock pain and entrap the
A pill that carries no actual medicine.
effect: Improvement of a condition experienced by
a patient who believes a treatment has been administered even
if the treatment was not actually done.
Bending the ankle to move the toes downwards.
It is adaptation of the nervous system to new connection patterns.
lining: A thin lining of the lungs.
An infection of the lungs.
of Service (POS) insurance: A plan in which the patient
can enter either an HMO plan, a PPO (a preferred provider)
or a non-contracted plan depending on how they commenced care
for any fiven condition they experience.
based treatments: Acupuncture or acupressure for
a nonsurgical treatment of back pain.
Complex molecules with many individual parts, typically such
as plastics or other complex absorbable molecules used in
surgical treatment and implants.
Towards the back of.
longitudinal ligament: A ligament behind the vertebral
bodies and anterior to the spinal dura and spinal cord.
X-rays: Images obtained with the X-ray source in
front of the spine and the film behind the spine.
fusion: A lumbar fusio done from a posterior approach
and incorporating the transverse processes of the lumbar vertebrae.
(preferred provider organization): Type of health
insurance in which patients may choose form a physician from
a list of providers who have agreed to offer care at a discount.
Expectation of the outcome of treatment.
anesthesia: The administration of pain medication
before surgery in an attempt to prevent the pain from becoming
intense as the surgery progresses.
Something administered to prevent the development of a problem
such as antibiotics given to prevent the possibility of an
cooperative study: Test to evaluate the efficacy
of a treatment , typically done by determining the clinical
plan before any of the patients commence treatment and involving
many different hospitals.
discogram: A test to evaluate whether and intervertebral
disc is a pain generator. Fluid is injected into the disc
to learn whether the resulting pain is similar to the patient's
Literally "false joint" - a painful contact between
two bones that develops at the site of a failed fusion.
A reactive material produced in an infection by the accumulation
of the body's white cells attempting to digest bacteria.