Tai chi: An exercise-based treatment for
general body health or treatment of pain.
tunnel syndrome: Pain in the foot due to entrapment
of the tibial nerve in the tarsal tunnel- a space in the medial
aspect of the ankle that carries the tibal nerve into the
cord: A developmental embryological abnormality in
which the spinal cord remains attached abnormally to the scrum
and does not ascend to the L1 or L2 level during the course
of growth but remains trapped and under tension in the low
Temperature monitor used in the radiofreqncy lesioning system
to control the temperature of the tip of the radiofrequency
outlet syndrome: Pain in the neck, shoulders, arms,
and hands due to nerve entrapments affecting the brachial
spine: The rib-bearing portion of the spine between
the cervical and the lumbar regions.
tube (or Chest tube): A catheter or drain placed
in the pleural space of the lung to help reinflate a collapsed
A surgery in which the chest is opened by making an incision
between the ribs. This is used in order to gain access to
the thoracic spine in some surgeries.
The major leg bone between the knee and ankle.
Tissue glue: A biological adhesive or sealing
material made from natural human blood proteins that are normally
involved in clotting.
An element or type of metal that is nonmagnetic and hence
compatible with MRI scanning and is the major component of
many alloys used for surgical implants.
The requirement of the body for higher and higher doses of
narcotic medication in order to achieve the same amount of
Medication for application directly to the skin.
Torques: Twisting forces applied , such as
to the body or spine.
The tube between the mouth and lungs that carries the air
that we breathe.
The application of tension or pulling to the spine.
A surgical approach that goes through the abdomen.
A type of screw or insturmentation that crosses between the
facet surface to attempt to prevent movement across the joint
that it crosses.
A surgical approach through the axilla, r underam.
electrical nerve stimulator (TENS): A device used
for pain treatment in which pulsing electrical currents are
applied to the skin to provide a distracting stimulus, making
pain more tolerable.
epidural: A type of injection in which the needle
is passed through the neural foramen to apply a steroid and/or
anesthetic medication. This provides treatment to an individual
selected spinal nerve, as well as to the general spinal dura
the administration of blood products to replace lost blood.
A surgical approach carried out through the back of the mouth
to reach the dens or other portions of the C1 or C2 vertebra.
A surgical approach carried out through and inside the pedicle
of a thoracic vertebra to reach a thoracic disc with out requiring
retraction of the spinal cord.
prescription: A specialized type of medical prescription
used for controlled substance narcotics and are closely monitored
by the DEA (Drug Enforcement Administration). These must be
delivered to the pharmacist within 14 days of being written,
are not subject to refills, and cannot be faxed or called
in to a pharmacy. These are being phased out or replaced with
alternete technology in many states.
Natural compounds or proteins that promote growth of tissue,
such as nerve tissue.
retractor: A surgical device that provides a fixed
access or view through the body tissues for use by a surgeon
during a procedure.
Abnormal growth of tissues.